Ökoeffiziente Regionen


Am 27. und 28. September 2001 fand in Villach die “5th Environmental Conference of Regional Ministers and Political Leaders in the EU” statt.

SERI hat im Auftrag des Landes Kärnten und unterstützt vom BMLFUW ein Dossier, mit dem diese Konferenz die Attraktivität des Themas “Ökoeffiziente Regionen” herauszustreichen und transparent machen möchte erstellt. Vor dem Hintergrund des europäischen Integrationsprozesses und der Notwendigkeit, Umweltbelange auf allen Ebenen in andere Politikbereiche einzubeziehen, spielen die europäischen Regionen eine bedeutende, bislang aber vernachlässigte Rolle.

Deshalb soll dieses SERI-Projekt eine Initiative darstellen, um dieses Thema politisch präsent zu machen. Der Einführung geeigneter Indikatoren (ökonomisch, ökologisch und sozial) nachhaltiger Entwicklung kommt dabei eine besondere Rolle zu.

Eco-Efficiency of Regions (abstract, nur in Englisch)

Paper by Friedrich Hinterberger With contributions by Klaus Bamberger, Christopher Manstein, Philipp Schepelmann, Francois Schneider and Joachim Spangenberg.

The paper deals with the question in which ways the concept of eco-efficiency can make a valuable contribution to a sustainable regional development in the European Union. Eco-efficiency and dematerialization strategies are more and more successfully established at the business level where practical and easy understandable methods and management tools have been developed and applied in the past years and decades. On the micro level more and more cases have been identified where environmental protection on the one hand and competitiveness as well as the creation of jobs on the other are as a general rule no longer trade-offs but complements.

On the regional level the situation is somewhat different. Althoughsustainable development is increasingly integrated in EU-policy the knowledge about the application of eco-efficiency concepts for the regional level is lagging behind.

Therefore this paper aims at setting out:

• the principal relevance of eco-efficiency for regions as a core contribution for reaching the broader concept of sustainable regional development,

• possible fields and sectors of regional policies with a particular suitability for the implementation of eco-efficiency methods,

• opportunities and limits of eco-efficiency strategies for regions,

• concrete suggestions for the “5th Environmental Conference of Regional Ministers and Political Leaders in the EU”.

Chapter 1 starts with a short presentation of the concept of eco-efficiency together with examples of successful applications. Chapter 2 looks at the role of the regions within the European Union and at the EU Regional Policy. The main chapter (3), dealing with eco-efficiency approaches in the EU-regions, firstly presents principal guidelines for orientation purposes, on the bases of which strategic objectives are derived. Then, fields of action are identified and discussed. Afterwards, the main advantages but also shortcomings of regional eco-efficiency are briefly summarised.


  • 2001

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